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GBL / gamma-Butyrolactone USA Safe Domestic Delivery Colorless Liquild Bulk Order 96-48-0
What Is GBL?
Gamma-butyrolactone, or GBL, is a precursor to GHB that has a range of industrial and commercial uses. It serves as an intermediate when making pyrrolidones, industrial chemicals that are in wide use. Because of its significant properties as a solvent, it is a common solvent found in paint strippers, nail polish removers, and stain removers.
Because of its chemical similarity, GBL is a “prodrug” of GHB, meaning it is converted into GHB in the body, and its effects are identical. However, it is two to three times as powerful as GHB, and its effects are felt faster. This makes it a far greater risk for overdose than GHB, but both drugs can have serious downsides from overconsumption, up to and including coma and death. The drug was linked to almost 40 overdoses at a single music event in Melbourne, Australia, in 2017.
According to the UK’s Independent Scientific Committee on Drugs, accidental overdose is far too easy with GHB and GBL: “An extra half-millilitre of GBL or half-gram of GHB on top of a moderate dose can make you fall into a deep sleep where you could potentially choke to death on your own vomit.” In one year, Sweden had the same number of fatal overdoses from GHB as they did from heroin.
Because of its memory-inhibiting qualities, the danger of losing track of how much someone has taken (especially since it is often delivered via a drink) is much higher, leading to a greater chance of accidental overdose. One sip too many can often mean the difference between euphoria and unconsciousness.
GBL can be easily synthesized into GHB simply by changing the pH level by adding an alkali such sodium hydroxide. Recipes for this process are widely available on the Internet, and some sites will not only identify the materials needed, but sell them, too.
However, converting GBL into GHB is redundant because the body will rapidly metabolize the GBL into GHB after ingestion. Once that occurs, the effects and risks of GLB are identical to GHB. But because the onset of action of GBL is faster, its potency much greater, and the duration of action longer, GBL may have a greater potential for misuse than GHB.
Are GHB and GBL Addictive?
Yes. Both GHB and GBL can be addictive, especially if the drugs are used regularly for a period of weeks or months. Even a couple weeks of daily use can lead to dependence. Every day use can result in a heightened tolerance to, and dependence on, the drug. When dependence begins, it tends to result in strong cravings, depressed moods, insomnia, and anxiety unless the user takes a dose every few hours.
It is important to remember that, once dependence on GHB and GBL is established, quitting “cold turkey” can lead to serious health risks and even death. Users are cautioned that if they feel shaky, sweaty, or anxious when they stop using these drugs, they should seek medical help. Other symptoms of withdrawal include insomnia, confusion, delirium, and hallucinations.
What are the effects of GHB/GBL?
Much like alcohol, these drugs are intoxicating nervous system depressants and are often used in a social context where they can make people happy and confident. People under their influence can be chatty, outgoing, and giggly, although some others become withdrawn. Like alcohol, it may make people say and do things they normally wouldn’t (reduces inhibitions). Some users find that for them, the drugs enhance sexual feelings. After a bit of GBL or GHB people start to lose the ability to concentrate and think straight.
As with alcohol, the depressant and euphoric effects become clearer at high doses. GBL and GHB are much more potent than alcohol however, meaning that only a small amount, one swig too many, can be enough to accidentally cross the line between joy and coma. Unpleasant effects like vomiting and confusion become more common as the dose, and risks of harm rise. Technically, GHB and GBL have a ‘steep dose-response curve’ which means that a second or third dose may have a much greater (and unexpected) effect than the first.
People can become dependent on GHB, GBL or 1,4 BD, so sometimes it is used more to relieve a craving, stop withdrawal symptoms or feel normal rather than to have fun. Some users find sleep is impossible without the drug. As with alcohol, GHB, and GBL are sometimes used as a way of dealing with problems or depression through the obliteration of all feeling.
Some people report feeling groggy or fuzzy-headed as an after-effect of the use of GBL or GHB. However, the after-effects are generally reported as milder than the after-effects (hangover) from an amount of alcohol that causes a comparable intoxication. This should not necessarily be seen as an advantage as easier recovery may be one of the aspects that allow some people to quickly become heavy users and addicts.